This is a chapter 4 summary of the book “Movement” by Gray Cook.
What Be the Goal?
Movement screening’s goal is to manage risk by finding limitations and asymmetries via two strategies;
1) Movement-pattern problems: Decreased mobility and stability in basic movements.
2) Athletic-performance problems: Decreased fitness.
The FMS razor, akin to Occam’s razor, is to determine a minimum movement pattern quality before movement quantity and capacity are targeted.
Movement patterns are lost by the following mechanisms:
- Muscular imbalance.
- Habitual asymmetrical movements.
- Improper training methods.
- Incomplete recovery from injury.
Ideally, the FMS would be part of the basic tests performed when one is looking to participate in sport. Prior to any athletic engagement, a medical exam is performed to clear someone to participate. This exam is often followed by performance and skills tests. Gray feels that the FMS belongs between these two tests, as there is an obvious gap from basic medical screening to high performance.
It is not to say that we must only train movement patterns. Rather, all the above qualities can be trained in parallel. The real goal is to manage minimums at each level and make sure improving one does not sacrifice quality at the others.